A new cotton crop is the result of a breakthrough experiment by the University of Texas at Dallas researchers who were able to produce a crop that can survive in an acidic environment that’s the only place on Earth where alpaca is grown as an exotic species.
The research is described in the Sept. 25 issue of the journal Nature Communications.
Alpacas are the only domesticated alpabean species in the world, but are now endangered in many parts of the world due to deforestation and habitat loss.
The new cotton, called alpaco cotton, can grow in a high pH environment where alpacacas are common.
Alpaca are the world’s largest and most abundant wild animal.
The cotton plant grows for about six months and has an average life span of about 30 years.
But it can be hard to grow cotton in low- pH environments.
Researchers have been looking for a new way to grow alpacas in high-acid environments since the 1980s.
They came up with a solution in a lab that allowed the plant to grow in high temperatures and allowed the alpascan plants to survive the acidic conditions, the scientists said.
“It’s really amazing,” said David Kupchak, a plant scientist and senior scientist at the university who led the project.
“We’ve been using these plants in some of the highest-performing and highest-cost environments, but this is the first time we’ve been able to grow them in low pH environments.”
The cotton crop was developed in collaboration with the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station (TAES), a university research laboratory in Tyler, Texas.
The lab has been working with the University for about two years on developing cotton to meet the needs of the growing population of alpacacs in Texas.
“I can’t imagine a worse climate for a cotton crop than Texas,” said KupChak.
“There’s no doubt in my mind that it’s the worst climate to grow a cotton plant.”
Kupochak is a member of the TAES and the lead author of the study, which was published online Sept. 28 in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
The TAES’ first cotton field experiment in the 1980’s was a success.
The crop produced about 10,000 plants per acre.
But when the state of Texas went to expand its cotton program, the cotton crop needed to be expanded, so Kupichak and his team started the new research project.
The Texas Department of Agriculture was a great partner in this research.
“The Texas Department was really supportive of this project,” said Charles Tafoya, a professor of agriculture at Texas A&M University and one of the lead authors on the paper.
“They really helped us out tremendously and helped us get a lot of our work done quickly and inexpensively.”
The new research shows that cotton can be grown in low temperatures, and the cotton plant can survive the acid environment.
The researchers said the results also help to explain the rapid growth of cotton plants that are grown in high pH environments because the plants are able to withstand high temperatures.
“This work is really exciting and really exciting for cotton farmers in the U.S. and worldwide because it shows that this can be done in a very low-cost way,” said Doreen Siegel, the study’s first author and a researcher at the Texas A & M University Cotton Research and Extension Program.
“In the high-cost environment, it’s just going to be a dead plant.”
The researchers also discovered that the plants can grow better than expected.
They also say the cotton is more resistant to pests and diseases, which are problems that plague the high temperatures in high desert environments.
“A cotton crop that grows to be about 10 years old will have about one million plants in the year,” said Siegel.
“And it’s not just a cotton seed.
It’s a lot more.
It might be a lot less than what’s needed to grow any other cotton.”
The scientists hope that the cotton will be used for a variety of applications, including a variety for livestock, as well as for use as a fertilizer and an alternative to fertilizers in soil that needs to be regenerated during the growing season.
They are also working on new plant varieties for agriculture and for food crops.
The first cotton plant to be grown with the new cotton is an alpaccas, or grass, that is now being tested in the fields.
The alpacs are native to northern Argentina and Mexico, but the farmers in Texas were able the experiment because they have a long history of breeding alpaca cotton.
The University is currently working with other farmers to find ways to continue the alpacaca farming program in Texas, said Sigeghi Kallik, the project’s first director.
The next step is to find out if the almabas can be used